Orthobiologics refers to a group of medical treatments that involve the use of biological substances to promote healing and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues, such as bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. These biological substances can include cells, growth factors, and other biological agents that are naturally found in the body.

Orthobiologics can be used to treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including osteoarthritis, tendon and ligament injuries, fractures, and spinal conditions. Examples of orthobiologic treatments include platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections, bone marrow therapy, and bone grafts.

PRP injections involve taking a small sample of the patient’s blood and processing it to concentrate the platelets, which are rich in growth factors that can promote tissue regeneration and repair as well as reducing inflammation. The concentrated platelets are then injected into the injured area to promote healing.

Bone marrow concentrate involves using bone marrow cells, which have the ability to develop into different types of cells in the body, to promote tissue regeneration and repair. These cells can be harvested from the patient’s own body (such as bone marrow or adipose tissue).

Overall, orthobiologics offer a promising approach to treating musculoskeletal conditions by harnessing the body’s natural healing mechanisms. However, more research is needed to fully understand the effectiveness and potential risks of these treatments. Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of orthobiologic treatments with their healthcare provider to determine if they are a viable treatment option for their specific condition.